9%description: bicameral Council of Oman or Majlis Oman consists of:Council of State or Majlis al-Dawla (85 seats including the chairman; members appointed by the sultan from among former government officials and prominent educators, businessmen, and citizens) Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (86 seats; members directly elected in single- and 2-seat constituencies by simple majority popular vote to serve renewable 4-year terms); note - since political reforms in 2011, legislation from the Consultative Council is submitted to the Council of State for review by the Royal Courtelections: Council of State - last appointments on 11 July 2019 (next - NA) Consultative Assembly - last held on 27 October 2019 (next to be held in October 2023)election results: Council of State - composition - men 70, women 15, percent of women 17.
Low global oil prices throughout 2015 and 2016 significantly lowered Saudi Arabia's governmental revenue. In response, the government cut subsidies on water, electricity, and gasoline; reduced government employee compensation packages; and announced limited new land taxes. In coordination with OPEC and some key non-OPEC countries, Saudi Arabia agreed cut oil output in early 2017 to regulate supply and help elevate global prices. The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered from Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, the nascent sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, although the sultanate never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and has since ruled as sultan.
D. ) and an "Omanon" by Ptolemy (2nd century A. ) Government typeabsolute monarchyabsolute monarchy Capitalname: Riyadhgeographic coordinates: 24 39 N, 46 42 Etime difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)etymology: the name derives from the Arabic word "riyadh, " meaning "gardens, " and refers to various oasis towns in the area that merged to form the cityname: Muscatgeographic coordinates: 23 37 N, 58 35 Etime difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)etymology: the name, whose meaning is uncertain, traces back almost two millennia; two 2nd century A. scholars, the geographer Ptolemy and the historian Arrian, both mention an Arabian Sea coastal town of Moscha, which most likely referred to Muscat Administrative divisions13 regions (manatiq, singular - mintaqah); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah (Northern Border), Al Jawf, Al Madinah al Munawwarah (Medina), Al Qasim, Ar Riyad (Riyadh), Ash Sharqiyah (Eastern), 'Asir, Ha'il, Jazan, Makkah al Mukarramah (Mecca), Najran, Tabuk11 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafaza); Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Buraymi, Al Wusta, Az Zahirah, Janub al Batinah (Al Batinah South), Janub ash Sharqiyah (Ash Sharqiyah South), Masqat (Muscat), Musandam, Shamal al Batinah (Al Batinah North), Shamal ash Sharqiyah (Ash Sharqiyah North), Zufar (Dhofar) Independence23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese) National holidaySaudi National Day (Unification of the Kingdom), 23 September (1932)National Day, 18 November; note - celebrates Oman's independence from Portugal in 1650 and the birthday of Sultan QABOOS bin Said al Said, who reigned from 1970 to 2020 Constitutionhistory: 1 March 1992 - Basic Law of Government, issued by royal decree, serves as the constitutional framework and is based on the Qur'an and the life and traditions of the Prophet Muhammadamendments: proposed by the king directly or proposed to the king by the Consultative Assembly or by the Council of Ministers; passage by the king through royal decree; Basic Law amended many times, last in 2017history: promulgated by royal decree 6 November 1996 (the Basic Law of the Sultanate of Oman serves as the constitution); amended by royal decree in 2011amendments: promulgated by the sultan or proposed by the Council of Oman and drafted by a technical committee as stipulated by royal decree and then promulgated through royal decree; amended by royal decree 2011, 2021 Legal systemIslamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note - several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committeesmixed legal system of Anglo-Saxon law and Islamic law Suffrage18 years of age; restricted to males; universal for municipal elections21 years of age; universal; note - members of the military and security forces by law cannot vote Executive branchchief of state: King and Prime Minister SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015); Crown Prince MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (born 31 August 1985); note - the monarch is both chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: King and Prime Minister SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015); Crown Prince MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (born 31 August 1985)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch every 4 years and includes many royal family memberselections/appointments: none; the monarchy is hereditary; an Allegiance Council created by royal decree in October 2006 established a committee of Saudi princes for a voice in selecting future Saudi kingschief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister HAYTHAM bin Tariq bin Taimur Al-Said (since 11 January 2020); note - the monarch is both chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: Sultan and Prime Minister HAYTHAM bin Tariq bin Taimur Al-Said (since 11 January 2020)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarchelections/appointments: members of the Ruling Family Council determine a successor from the sultan's extended family; if the Council cannot form a consensus within 3 days of the sultan's death or incapacitation, the Defense Council will relay a predetermined heir as chosen by the sultan Legislative branchdescription: unicameral Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (150 seats; members appointed by the monarch to serve 4-year terms); note - in early 2013, the monarch granted women 30 seats on the Councilnote: composition as of 2013 - men 121, women 30, percent of women 19.
)<100 (2019) LanguagesArabic (official)major-language sample(s):????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (Arabic)The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Swahili, Urdu, Indian dialectsmajor-language sample(s):????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (Arabic)The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 95.
Muscat also has notably focused on creating more Omani jobs to employ the rising number of nationals entering the workforce. However, high social welfare benefits - that had increased in the wake of the 2011 Arab Spring - have made it impossible for the government to balance its budget in light of current oil prices. In response, Omani officials imposed austerity measures on its gasoline and diesel subsidies in 2016. These spending cuts have had only a moderate effect on the government's budget, which is projected to again face a deficit of $7. 8 billion in 2018. GDP (purchasing power parity)$1, 609, 323, 000, 000 (2019 est.
In May 2017, Saudi Arabia inaugurated the Global Center for Combatting Extremist Ideology (also known as "Etidal") as part of its ongoing efforts to counter violent extremism. In June 2017, King SALMAN elevated MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN to Crown Prince. The country remains a leading producer of oil and natural gas and holds about 16% of the world's proven oil reserves as of 2015. The government continues to pursue economic reform and diversification, particularly since Saudi Arabia's accession to the WTO in 2005, and promotes foreign investment in the Kingdom. In April 2016, the Saudi Government announced a broad set of socio-economic reforms, known as Vision 2030.
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S Arabia U19 vs Oman U19, ICC Under-19 World Cup
Saudi Arabia Under 19s vs Oman Under 19s Live Cricket Score
Sultan QABOOS has no children and has not designated a successor publicly; the Basic Law of 1996 outlines Oman's succession procedure. Sultan QABOOS' extensive modernization program opened the country to the outside world, and the sultan has prioritized strategic ties with the UK and US. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with its neighbors and to avoid external entanglements. Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, some Omanis staged demonstrations, calling for more jobs and economic benefits and an end to corruption.
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4 deaths/1, 000 live births (2021 est. ) Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76. 4 yearsmale: 74. 81 yearsfemale: 78. 07 years (2021 est. )total population: 76. 64 yearsmale: 74. 69 yearsfemale: 78. 68 years (2021 est. ) Total fertility rate1. 95 children born/woman (2021 est. )2. 73 children born/woman (2021 est. ) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<. 1% (2020 est. )0. 1% (2019) Nationalitynoun: Saudi(s)adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabiannoun: Omani(s)adjective: Omani Ethnic groupsArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS12, 000 (2020 est. )2, 500 (2019) ReligionsMuslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.
6% (2016)29. 7% (2014) Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 39. 3youth dependency ratio: 34. 4elderly dependency ratio: 4. 9potential support ratio: 20. 5 (2020 est. )total dependency ratio: 33. 3youth dependency ratio: 30elderly dependency ratio: 3. 3potential support ratio: 29. 9 (2020 est. ) Government Country nameconventional long form: Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaconventional short form: Saudi Arabialocal long form: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyahlocal short form: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyahetymology: named after the ruling dynasty of the country, the House of Saud; the name "Arabia" can be traced back many centuries B. C., the ancient Egyptians referred to the region as "Ar Rabi"conventional long form: Sultanate of Omanconventional short form: Omanlocal long form: Saltanat Umanlocal short form: Umanformer: Sultanate of Muscat and Omanetymology: the origin of the name is uncertain, but it apparently dates back at least 2, 000 years since an "Omana" is mentioned by Pliny the Elder (1st century A.
Saudi Arabia vs. Oman - Country ComparisonHome > Factbook > Country Comparisons Introduction Saudi ArabiaOman BackgroundSaudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam's two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king's official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al SAUD (Ibn Saud) after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula.
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It possesses about 16% of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 87% of budget revenues, 42% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. Saudi Arabia is encouraging the growth of the private sector in order to diversify its economy and to employ more Saudi nationals. Approximately 6 million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, particularly in the oil and service sectors; at the same time, however, Riyadh is struggling to reduce unemployment among its own nationals.
4 billion cubic meters (2017 est. )1. ) Population distributionhistorically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities - and with it the country's population - is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Seathe vast majority of the population is located in and around the Al Hagar Mountains in the north of the country; another smaller cluster is found around the city of Salalah in the far south; most of the country remains sparsely poplulated Demographics Population34, 783, 757 (July 2021 est.
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255 million (2016 est. )note: about 60% of the labor force is non-national Labor force - by occupationagriculture: 6. 7%industry: 21. 4%services: 71. 9% (2005 est. )agriculture: 4. 7% NAindustry: 49. 6% NAservices: 45% NA (2016 est. ) Unemployment rate6% (2017 est. )5. 6% (2016 est. )note: data are for total population; unemployment among Saudi nationals is more than doubleNA Budgetrevenues: 181 billion (2017 est. )expenditures: 241.
1%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0. 2% (2010 est. )note: Omani citizens represent approximately 56. 4% of the population and are overwhelming Muslim (Ibadhi and Sunni sects each constitute about 45% and Shia about 5%); Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists account for roughly 5% of Omani citizens HIV/AIDS - deaths<200 (2020 est.